Giving birth to a baby is a beautiful experience. However, childbirth results in several physical and emotional changes. Here are some of the most common postpartum body problems and ways to treat them:
1. Perineal pain
Pain in the perineum (area between the vagina and the rectum) is also common. You should consult the doctor to avoid serious complications. Using a soft cushion to sit on will help ease any discomfort.
2. Breast engorgement
Breast milk increases between the second and fifth day, after delivery. This will make you feel sensations in your breasts. In many cases, the breast will fill with milk. It can become very rock hard and painful. This stage is known as congestion. You can avoid this by feeding your baby in shorter intervals. You can even express milk with a pump until supply and demand match. Using hot towels or ice packs can also help soothe swollen breasts.
3. Sore nipples
Breastfeeding and constant supply of milk will lead to sore nipples. This is very common and usually resolves a few days after delivery. Doctors may suggest that you apply a nipple cream to soothe the area.
4. Infection of the uterus
Sometimes, fragments of the placenta remain in the uterus. Some symptoms include increased heart rate, low-grade fever, swelling of the uterus, and even severe pain in the lower abdomen and uterine discharge. Doctors treat this with antibiotics.
5. Postpartum depression
Mothers tend to feel overwhelmed with the responsibilities and handling of a delicate little thing. Anxiety, grievance, and feelings of anger are signs of postpartum depression. More common among new mothers, it is possible to get rid of it with the support of her partner, a household helper, and family members. Joining a support group or counseling sessions will also help.
6. Hair loss
A reduced hormonal balance will result in hair loss. Don’t worry. This will reduce over time. All you need to do is have a high protein diet to keep your hair healthy.
7. Vaginal discharge
After childbirth, many women experience vaginal discharge (lochia) for a few weeks. This contains blood and uterine tissue. You should avoid strenuous physical exertion. Give your body ample rest. Allow it to heal.
8. Vaginal bleeding
The bleeding will subside towards the end of two weeks. After this period, the bleeding will be lighter and may continue for up to 6 weeks. Be sure to change pads every four hours or sooner to prevent infection. Any heavy bleeding or recurrent clotting (with or without a bad odour) should be reported immediately to the doctor.